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Pre-Conference Workshops and Conference Sessions

2022 Arizona Historic Preservation Conference, Yuma, AZ



Wed. Oct. 19, 1-5 pm, Castle Dome Room

Certified Local Government Training (Urban, Ruter)

Intended for Certified Local Government (CLG) staff and members of historic preservation commissions, this training session will focus on the ins and outs of running a successful historic preservation program at the local level. SHPO staff will be presenting on archaeological compliance, design review for historic districts, educational programs, CLG grant opportunities, historic preservation plans, design guidelines, zoning ordinances, local designation, and how each component works together to build a strong citywide preservation program. Please bring your questions, ideas, and concerns, as we learn about the unique challenges and opportunities Arizona's CLGs face. 

Wed. Oct. 19, 1-5 pm, Gila Room

SHPO Workshop for Consultants: Reporting on the Eligibility of Archaeological Sites and Historical Buildings and Structures (Walsh, Davis, Miller, Klebacha, Collins, Lawson)

Agencies and the SHPO rely on the information in your reports to not only properly record, but also assess the significance and National Register eligibility of archaeological sites and historical buildings and structures. We'll review what we're looking for in our reviews, then break out into smaller groups to "write" eligibility recommendations based on previously prepared site descriptions, background research, and culture history prompts. Interactive discussions will follow. Key words: significance, historic context, aspects of integrity, built environment, cultural landscapes.


Thurs, Oct. 20, Breakout Block 1, 8:00-8:50 am, Colorado Room  

Living Landscapes and Vibrant Cultures, National Heritage Areas as a Tool for Stewardship and Collaboration (Henderson)

National Heritage Areas are a valuable tool in the stewardship of large living landscapes that provide an opportunity to explore and share a region’s unique heritage and vibrant cultures. The state of Arizona possesses two congressionally designated National Heritage Areas, Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area and the recently established Santa Cruz Valley National Heritage Area. These National Heritage Areas have stories and partnerships that can provide insights into collaboration, community engagement, and landscape stewardship. Come join us to learn more about Yuma Crossing and the Santa Cruz Valley National Heritage Areas and their role in promoting both heritage tourism and historic preservation, as well as the National Park Service National Heritage Areas program.


Thurs, Oct. 20, Breakout Block 1, 8:00-8:50 am, Castle Dome Room

Stewarding the Past into the Future to Meet Community Needs (Westheimer)

Community Land Trusts (CLTs) are a model of property ownership that can be tailored to meet community needs.  The nonprofit CLT holds title to the land while making it and/or the improvements available for uses such as community gardens or parks, commercial spaces, or housing.  CLTs remove their properties from the speculative real estate market and by doing so put the community in charge of their assets into the future.  Flagstaff’s Townsite CLT is preserving historic buildings, providing restored historic houses for Flagstaff residents to purchase at below market prices, and stabilizing historic neighborhoods by increasing the proportion of owner-occupied homes.  The multi-faceted mission is a win-win-win for Flagstaff.  Through the example of Townsite CLT you will learn about the CLT model, and how it is used to preserve irreplaceable historic buildings, and community character.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 1, 8:00 – 8:50 am, Gila Room

Teatro Carmen: A Cultural Crossroads in Tucson’s Barrio Histórico (O’Mack, Stratford)

In 1915, Carmen Soto de Vásquez, a longtime citizen of Tucson with a passion for Spanish-language theater, opened a theater in her own name in the primarily Mexican-American neighborhood just south of downtown. For seven years, the new building was a popular venue for Spanish-language plays, operas, and musical productions, and a cultural center for Tucson’s vibrant Mexican-American community. By the early 1920s, as the popularity of live theater declined, Teatro Carmen was serving instead as a cinema, a lecture hall, and a boxing arena, and by 1931 it had become the home of Pilgrim Rest Lodge No. 601 of the I.B.P.O.E.W., an African-American fraternal organization. Also known as the Black Elks, the lodge occupied the building for almost six decades, serving as a social and cultural center for Tucson’s African-American community. In 2021, Pima County acquired the property with the intention of returning it to its original appearance and function. The rehabilitation project has been an opportunity to look closely at the culturally diverse history of the building and its place in one of Tucson’s most distinctive historic neighborhoods.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 1, 8:00-8:50 am, Southern Pacific Room

At the Crossroads of Tribal Engagement: Tribal Historic Preservation Offices and Tribal Monitoring Programs (Double session) (Anton, Altaha, Nicholas)

This panel discussion explores the innovative strategies employed by Arizona’s THPOs working in concert with Westland’s Tribal Monitoring Program to provide a Native perspective during cultural and natural resources studies and to increase Tribal participation in the management of our shared story, land, and resources. This discussion also explores the collaborative history, purpose, development, and possibilities of a Tribal Monitoring Program within, and outside of, the Section 106 Consultation process, and best practices for working with Tribal Nations in a cultural resources management setting.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 1, 8:00-8:50 am, Anza-Redondo Room

Historic Sites Review Committee: Year in Review – Responding to New Challenges (Majewski)

The Historic Sites Review Committee (HSRC) is the Federally-mandated state review board that evaluates nominations to the National Register of Historic Places, and advises the State Historic Preservation Officer on questions regarding the significance, integrity, and eligibility of historic properties. In this session, a panel of HSRC members discusses nominations they have recently reviewed. New property types, such as multifamily townhouses, and historic contexts reaching into the 1970s, many involving previously underrepresented communities, present new challenges to the identification and designation of historic properties to the National Register. The audience will be invited to contribute their insights on the topics discussed.


Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 1, 8:00-8:50 am, Old City Hall Theater  

Flagstaff, Crossroads of Heritage: Tribes, Camels, Trains, Lumberjacks, Route 66, and a Path to the Moon (Reavis)

This session explores Flagstaff’s diverse heritage, which includes archaeological and historical habitation of native peoples, a military road with camels, in use and abandoned railroads, remains relating the history of African Americans in the lumber industry, properties associated with plans for the first the moon landing, and of course Route 66. The session will review preservation of landscape-level Traditional Cultural Properties and intangible heritage as well as design and installation of placed-based public art.


Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 1, 8:00-8:50 am Riverfront Ballroom

Priority Cultural Resources in Pima County: Beyond the Historical and Scientific Frameworks of “Significance” (Miliken) 

In 2004, as part of the Sonoran Desert Conservation Plan (SDCP) planning process, Pima County asked a team of experts to identify, describe, and evaluate the county’s priority cultural resources (PCRs), places of such extraordinary importance to the history and living cultures of Pima County that their perpetual protection is warranted in the public interest. The identification process focused primarily on the historical or scientific importance commonly ascribed to cultural resources, but what about the host of values that are, or are yet to be, realized from cultural resources? The SDCP report on PCRs called for the formation of a Pima County Register of Historic Places in order to bring formal recognition to places of importance to the citizens of Pima County. Pima County has recently fulfilled this goal, but we have also engineered a set of tools that make the Register equally valuable to our programs for managing and monitoring existing PCRs, and as a guide in our conservation land acquisition program.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am Colorado Room

The Epitome of a Cultural Crossroads: Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area (Flynn)

National Heritage Areas are public-private partnerships authorized by the U.S. Congress, and promote resources important to our nation's natural and cultural history.  The Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area (YCNHA) encompasses seven square miles along the Lower Colorado River in Yuma, AZ, with over 3 miles of contiguous riverfront parks, trails, and nearly 400 acres of restored wetlands and riparian habitat.  It includes the Yuma Crossing National Historic Landmark, the Yuma Territorial Prison State Historic Park, Colorado River State Historic Park, and a cadre of museums, art centers, bars, and restaurants in the historic downtown area. Interim Director Charles Flynn provides a historical overview of the establishment of the Heritage Area, its role in regional economic development, and plans for the future. 

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Castle Dome Room

To Whom Does Cultural Heritage Belong? (Donaldson) 

Although sources may differ, we define “culture” as the practices, expressions, knowledge, skills, and lifeways represented in places that communities of people recognize as part of their heritage, transmitted from generation to generation to provide a sense of identity and continuity. Our definition recognizes culture in the tangible heritage of monuments, sites, and other structures of the built environment, as well as the intangible heritage of oral traditions, performing arts and storytelling, social and ritual practices. It is paramount that we as a nation promote cultural diversity in the identification of historic properties by evaluating the National Register of Historic Places for its inclusiveness and encouraging local, state, and tribal governments to evaluate their own inventories. Through exemplary best practices and recent case studies the audience will understand the special interest and representation of diverse and under-represented communities. This will be an educational effort to encourage recognition of and respect for the role and contribution of all Americans in telling the story of the nation and its places of heritage.


Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Gila Room

Diverse Continuity: Evolution of an Arizona Architecture (Vinson) 

This overview of Arizona architecture within a cultural-historical context seeks to provide a basis for recognizing and understanding the interpretation and incorporation of varied influences, methods, and materials by its builders and designers, resulting in a distinctive built environment.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, South Pacific Room

At the Crossroads of Tribal Engagement: Tribal Historic Preservation Offices and Tribal Monitoring Programs (2nd session) (Shingoitewa, Carra, Buckles)


Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Anza-Redondo Room

Conversation with the SHPO (Leonard)

Join State Historic Preservation Officer, Kathryn Leonard to hear about major happenings in the State’s Historic Preservation Program. Bring your questions!

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Old City Hall Theater​

The Brilliance of Neon: Exploring “Bright Ideas” to Bring Neon to your Community (Linoff)

Not since neon first made its appearance on the American landscape just a century ago, has this unique communication medium ever been more popular. After local sign ordinances nearly spelled the end of neon in the last quarter of the 20th century, it has since achieved a new, elevated status as a recognized art form, and through preservation, an important archive of roadside and city advertising in the automobile age. Through an engaging discussion, three prominent experts in the public display of neon will discuss the different strategies they initiated to preserve this irreplaceable historic element. And how, by successfully returning neon to your community, you can boost heritage tourism and “keep the glow alive.”

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Riverfront Ballroom​

Discovering & Expressing the Historical Treasure in an Urban Development (Reilly, Green, Diaz, Soltero, Garcia)  

ASU's new Walton Center for Planetary Health is sited on a triangular site bounded by University Dr., Rural Rd., and the Valley Metro light rail tracks/multi-modal station. Site investigations prior to construction have revealed a wide range of agricultural and transportation uses on the small site dating back at least 1,000 years. Not only was the site used as a food processing and distribution center for the pre-historic culture that lived there, excavations also revealed two additional previously unknown canals that show evidence of periodic flooding. The current light rail alignment parallels remnants of the first coast-to-coast all-weather highway with roots back to the stage coach. Remnants of the first rail spur to link the Tempe Creamery to the markets in Phoenix and beyond ran next to the road. A historic canal that is still in use today originally powered the Haydon Flour Mill. Learn how the design of a modern laboratory building for the study of human caused environmental change has incorporated lessons and treasures from the past to tell this important story.


Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 3, 2:30 – 3:20 pm, Colorado Room

Yuma’s Story – A Seamless Balance of the Art, History, and Downtown Revitalization (Lott, Wheeler) 

Anchored in Downtown Yuma, the Yuma Art Center, the Historic Yuma Theatre, the restored United Building and the 270 Black Box Theatre provide distinct opportunities for community engagement and artistic growth. Pair this with the historic parks and amenities of the Yuma Crossing National Heritage Area and a historic Main Street that boosts restaurants, bars, small main street retail and even a casino, and Yuma is now a must visit - must see town. Come hear this amazing story of how Yuma has leveraged its history with a vision of arts and culture to drive the revitalization of their Main Street and promote private sector rehabilitation of key historic buildings. In understanding the linkage between arts, culture and history in promoting quality of life for its residents, Yuma has also poised itself as a major visitor destination in the state.


Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 3, 2:30 – 3:20 pm, Castle Dome Room

How Can Preservation be a Tool to Address Cultural Gentrification and Appropriation? (Cardenas)

 In this session we will brainstorm ways to address the issue of cultural gentrification that has caused displacement in historical neighborhoods, including Tucson’s Barrios. Using preservation as a strategy, we need to develop a language and action plan that can be inclusive to the incoming and the lifelong residents to live in harmony together by sharing and learning each other's culture. 

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 3, 2:30 – 3:20 pm, Gila Room

Preservation and Construction: Cultural Crossroads at Topock Remediation Project (Ft. Yuma Quechan Tribe) 

The Topock Remediation Project is a decades long project that involves multiple agencies and Tribes. To navigate the federal and state regulations associated with the project requires collaboration and cooperation among the numerous entities. Balancing the actions necessary to implement the remediation project and honoring the tangible and intangible elements of this area to the Tribes can be challenging. , but over the years there has been a paradigm shift that has enabled the project to proceed while avoiding resources and minimizing physical impacts on the sacred landscape. This session will share best practices for tribal engagement and management of impacts that have been developed over the life of this project.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 3, 2:30 – 3:20 pm, Southern Pacific Room

At the Crossroads of Engagement: Involving Descendant Communities in Heritage Management (Carra, Deaver; Tu’tsi, McNair; Ruuska) 

This session explores project-specific examples of working with Arizona THPOS and local tribes on Legacy Lands.   The first presentation focuses on working with THPO offices outside the Section 106 process and how to engender voluntary tribal participation. The second presentation describes approaches to botanical and traditional ecological inquiry and the ways in which traditional-plant surveys can be integrated into cultural resources inventories. The last session discusses the Sky Islands of the Pinal Mountain Highlands of central Arizona and how these cultural landscapes are interwoven into the lifeworlds of local tribal communities.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 3, 2:30 – 3:20 pm, Anza-Redondo Room

Fire Service History: Arizona and Beyond (Montgomery) 

This session presents the history and mission of the Hall of Flame Museum of Firefighting, the world's largest historical firefighting museum, located in Phoenix, one of the Valley's lesser known cultural and recreational gems.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 3, 2:30 – 3:20 pm, Old City Hall Theater

Historic Tax Credits vs. Affordable Housing: Who Wins? (Lawson, Brevoort, Butler) 

The Federal Historic Preservation Tax Incentives program encourages private sector investment in the rehabilitation and re-use of historic buildings that are income-producing. It is one of the nation's most successful and cost-effective community revitalization programs. This panel, including SHPO’s architect, a property developer and property owner, will review program requirements and present an example of the challenges and opportunities faced by a successful Arizona tax credit rehabilitation project.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 3, 2:30 – 3:20 pm, Riverfront Ballroom

Cultural Resources Compliance and Concurrent Review Processes (Double session) (Plummer)

In this session, representatives from ASM, SHPO, the Salt River Pima County Indian Community, Pima County, ADOT, FHWA, and the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community will discuss cultural resources compliance at the local, state, and federal level, as well as the concurrent review process. Ample time will be provided for audience questions.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 4, 3:30 - 4:20 pm, Colorado Room

Yuma’s History through the Eyes of Jose Maria Redondo and E.F. Sanguinetti (Gwynn)  

Join life-long Yuma resident, Bruce Gwynn, who will tell the history of Yuma through five generations of his family tree.  Gwynn’s story begins with the arrival of his Great-Great Grandfather Jose Maria Redondo and grandfather EF Sanguinetti 1858 and will highlight the Sanguinetti family’s successful business enterprises which grew to include 12 stores, 2,000 acres of farmland, two dairies, the Yuma Ice Company and the Yuma Ice and Electric Company. E.F. Sanguinetti’s vision for Yuma agriculture and the story of his work to secure funding for the Laguna Dam and the Yuma Siphon projects will also be highlighted.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 4, 3:30 - 4:20 pm, Castle Dome Room

Knitting Together Funding Opportunities, Incentives, and Resources to Support Historic Preservation – Building Rehabilitation Programming and Organization Support (Lott, Gibbon, Urban, Anderson) 

Finding funding for historic preservation projects can be challenging. Prelists will provide an update on various grant opportunities, including the recently reinstated Arizona Heritage Fund and certified local government pass through funding. Other federal, state and regional grants, incentives and resources available to help support preservation efforts will also be highlighted.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 4, 3:30 - 4:20 pm, Gila Room

Pipe Springs National Monument: Recognizing 100 Years of Cultural Diversity (McCutcheon) 

This presentation will engage audiences in the diverse and complex history of Pipe Spring National Monument and highlight the methods being used today to tell the complex, and often challenging, stories of the past from multiple cultural perspectives.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 4, 3:30 - 4:20 pm, Southern Pacific Room

LGBTQ History in AZ (Shore)

Shore will present an Emmy winning news clip about a Russian Gender pioneer, discuss the term Two Spirit, LGBTQ+ Archives, and more awareness of LGBTQ History. 

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 4, 3:30 - 4:20 pm, Anza-Redondo Room

Experiencing Arizona Roads and Trails (Klebacha, Hangan, Ferguson, Hopkins, Spears) 

The Arizona Archaeological Council will explore existing historic contexts related to travel within Arizona and present two significant examples. Margaret Hangan will present on the African American experience relating to travel along Route 66 in northern Arizona, and T.J. Ferguson, Maren Hopkins, and Mike Spears will discuss prehistoric trade routes with specific attention to the salt trails documented within Organ Pipe National Monument.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 4, 3:30 - 4:20 pm, Old City Hall Theater

Proposition 207: A Roadblock or a Speedbump for Current and Future Preservation Efforts in Arizona? (Venker) 

Proposition 207, aka the Private Property Rights Protection Act, was approved by Arizona voters in 2006 and became the law in 2007. After its passage historic preservation advocates and municipal officials considered it to be a roadblock to future efforts to protect historic cultural resources. However, since its passage, efforts to designate historic sites and districts have been successful in the cities of Tempe, Scottsdale, and Phoenix. Learn about Prop. 207 court cases and their outcomes, strategies and compromises that enabled these historic resources to be protected at the local level, and the overall effect of Prop. 207 on National Register nominations.

Thurs. Oct. 20, Breakout Block 4, 3:30 - 4:20 pm, Riverfront Ballroom

Cultural Resources Compliance and Concurrent Review Processes (2nd session) (Plummer)


Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 1, 8:00 – 8:50 am, Colorado Room

Conservation Planning at San Xavier del Bac: Working Towards Inclusive, Sustainable Care for a Living Cultural Site (Herr-Cardillo) 

Mission San Xavier represents an intersection of faith, tradition, and culture. Today, the church primarily serves parishioners from the local community of Wa:k, whose ancestors helped build it, and who continue to help care for it for future generations. Owned and operated by the San Xavier Mission Roman Catholic Parish LLC, an independent corporation of the Catholic Diocese, Patronato San Xavier funds and coordinates preservation of Mission San Xavier. The conservation needs at the mission require a nuanced understanding of this special place, constant coordination with the people who use it, and the deployment of technical skill to preserve this architecturally complex structure containing the finest collection of in situ Spanish colonial art.  Now in its fourth decade, the Patronato is working to develop a campus-wide preventive conservation program that addresses these needs, recognizes and incorporates input from a variety of constituent groups, and uses projects as opportunities to engage a local workforce through training and apprentice programs and collaborative conservation processes.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 1, 8:00 – 8:50 am, Castle Dome Room

The National Trust for Historic Preservation and Route 66 in Arizona (Webb, Dawley, Davidson)

The National Trust for Historic Preservation received a $4.6 million bequest to help preserve Route 66 which will be used over the next few years to assist underrepresented sites leading up to the Route 66 Centennial in 2026. Learn more about ways in which the National Trust is helping to preserve underrepresented sites along Route 66 in Arizona as part of this new initiative. Hear from members of the Hualapai Tribe about the endangered c.1929 Osterman Gas Station in Peach Springs which lost its roof in a micro burst in September of 2021, and the Tribe’s interest in rehabilitating this iconic Route 66 site as a visitor and interpretive center in anticipation of the upcoming Route 66 Centennial in 2026.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 1, 8:00 – 8:50 am, Gila Room

A Sense of Place: The Intersection between Preservation and Main Street (Lott) 

A vibrant community history, a concentration of historic buildings, and the cultivation of a sense of place are all key factors in supporting a vibrant Main Street. The Main Street program in Arizona has seen a shift over the past few years. As a program of the Department of Commerce, the Arizona Main Street Program supported over nineteen communities across the state:  from Buckeye to Page to Willcox. Today, Main Street is a joint program of the Arizona Preservation Foundation and the Arizona Downtown Alliance, who provide technical assistance and guidance for communities wanting to leverage their town’s history and built environment to create a thriving community with a competitive future This crash course will provide an overview of the National Main Street Four Point Approach to downtown revitalization, highlight unique programming already happening in a few of Arizona’s Main Street communities, and provide some inspiration you can take back to your community to start “talking Main Street” with stakeholders.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 1, 8:00 – 8:50 am, Southern Pacific Room

Historical Resources along the U.S. – Mexico Border (Hutira)

US Customs and Border Protection has been conducting investigations along the US Mexico Border for decades. This session highlights some of the historical resources that have been identified along the border.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 1, 8:00 – 8:50 am, Anza-Redondo Room

Telling History with a Story Map (Erickson)

Camp Naco lies in the valley of the San Pedro River of southeastern Arizona, between the Huachuca Mountains and the Mule Mountains. Set some 600 yards from the border between the United States and Mexico, its adobe buildings bring to mind an unsettled decade at the beginning of the twentieth century when Mexican revolutionaries, striking mine workers, lawless bandits, and a World War I intrigue between Germany and Mexico dominated the political landscape. During the greater part of its history, the camp was home to rotating troops from the 10th U.S. Cavalry Regiment, nicknamed the “Buffalo Soldiers.”  Despite this remarkable history, very few were aware of its importance or its status as one of the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Eleven Most Endangered Properties. Funded by a grant from Arizona Humanities, a team of historians, preservationists, GIS specialists, graphic designers and filmmakers created a story map to make Camp Naco accessible to the world at large. This session will tell how they did it and what resulted from their efforts.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Colorado Room

Through a Different Lens: Documenting and Designating Underrepresented Communities in the National Register of Historic Places (Levstik)

Recently, there has been a push towards documenting and designating underrepresented communities at the local, state, and national levels. While this interest is long since overdue, these kinds of communities present unique challenges and opportunities for designation. Many do not neatly fit into our long-held ideas of what historic districts look like, or what gets listed in the National Register. These are not always the stories of well-known architects, patriots, or presidents, but the stories of resistance, cultural expressions, and in many cases prejudice and oppression. How do we as preservation professionals identify non-traditional resources, help guide the documentation and designation of underrepresented communities, and work collaboratively to include these important stories into our historical record and consciousness? This session will utilize several case studies in Arizona and Colorado to explore the types of resources commonly ignored, and strategies for how to designate them in the National Register.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Castle Dome Room

Have an Adventure on Arizona US 80; Creating a Statewide Network Promoting Heritage, Tourism, and Brand (Clinco)

The 20th-century alignment of the Arizona segment of US 80 was designated an Arizona Historic Road by the Arizona Department of Transportation in September2018. The old highway connects many of Southern and Central Arizona’s iconic historic cities from New Mexico to California, passing through Douglas, Bisbee, Benson, Tucson, Florence, Apache Junction, Mesa, Tempe, Phoenix, Buckeye, Gila Bend, and Yuma. The Arizona segment of this cross-country highway was an economic and cultural arterial that connected rural communities with urban cores. It shaped both the American experience of the Southwest and the development of cities that saddled its roadbed. Not only does the road connect myriad cultural landscapes and historic places, but is itself a unique historic resource. Like Route 66 to the north, the Arizona segment of US 80 shaped the west. Roadside architecture, including service stations, diners, attractions, neon signs, and motels combined with rural vistas to create a distinct and unique sense of place. This session will explore strategies for US 80 communities and advocates to promote the historic highway, identify funding for rehabilitation of historic resources and come together to help revitalize this economic and cultural arterial.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Gila Room

Exploring Cultural Crossroads through Augmented Reality (Krupa)  

Join Dr. Joel Krupa, Chief Administrative Officer of Agents of Discovery and learn how augmented reality (AR) is being used to reach underserved youth in Arizona communities. In this age of constant technological advancements which often serve to distance us from reality, AR can provide an alternative to the metaverse and connect people to the world around them. It empowers educators and managers of public spaces to link location to learning and create engaging, fun and safe learning environments on-site or at-home. During the presentation, we will draw on an array of case studies from Arizona, the US, and around the world to explore the ways in which mobile AR has benefitted communities and cultural and heritage sites. 

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Southern Pacific Room

Stewardship and Cultural Landscape of the Cienega Creek Natural Preserve in Pima County (Rose)

Pima County’s Cienega Creek Natural Preserve located southeast of Tucson has been the focus of an on-going, multi-year cultural resources management program. This presentation will address the results of the most recent research, including the challenges and opportunities in managing conservation lands. The Cienega Creek Natural Preserve is rich in cultural and historical values with a high density of cultural resources including ancestral sites. It is one of the few places in southern Arizona with flowing water and lush, riparian vegetation. Historic stagecoach trails, roads, and the railroad have also left their physical imprints on the landscape. In recent years, the Preserve has been experiencing increased recreation and areas surrounding the Preserve are undergoing accelerated suburban growth. This project has thus far incorporated data compilations, 20 years of site steward documentation, cultural resources inventory, and on-going site steward monitoring into management planning to identify threats to the Preserve and develop strategies to protect this unique natural and cultural landscape.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 2, 9:00 – 9:50 am, Anza-Redondo Room

Can a Market Study Survey Help Create Pathways for Future Historic Preservation Practitioners and Professionals? (Lamb, Erickson)

We approached various educational institutions and programs, we asked questions and listened. What would it take to expand existing programs?  How can institutions work cooperatively to create pipelines from high school to community colleges and universities for preservation trades training and degree programs? In this session, we will present the data we have gathered, what it tells us, and how it can be used to answer these questions.  Data from similar surveys in different regions of the country will also be discussed. 

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 3, 2:00 – 2:50 pm, Gila Room

Gold Mountain in the Desert (Double Session) (Strang)

The “Gold Mountain” refers to a mythical land of riches and opportunity the Chinese dreamed of when they left their native land seeking their fortunes abroad.  For a lucky few residing in Phoenix, Arizona did become the Gold Mountain.  It has been over 150 years since the arrival of the first Chinese in Phoenix.  The lives of these initial settlers will who found personal and commercial success in the greater Phoenix area will be celebrated in this presentation.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 3, 2:00 – 2:50 pm, Southern Pacific Room

Cultural Crossroads at the Yuma Crossing (McCormick)

This session will give an overview of Quechan (Kwatsáan) culture and traditional lands encompassing the area now known as Yuma, AZ. The introduction of European settlers caused major impacts on the Quechan people. The establishment of Ft. Yuma and the introduction of federal Indian policy added additional pressures on the Quechan way of life. This session will discuss the responses of the Quechan people to these flash points of history and how the Tribe has endured these incursions on their way of life and ultimately, retained their vibrant cultural identity. 

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 3, 2:00 – 2:50 pm, Anza-Redondo Room

Everything Old is New Again: Adaptive Reuse and Historic Preservation (Urban, Harder, Perez, Flynn, McVay)

This panel, including members from the public and private sectors, will discuss the crossroads of redevelopment, historic preservation, and adaptive reuse. As preservation projects often hinge on economic viability, leaders of the redevelopment community will provide insight into reuse strategies that meet the needs of businesses, developers, municipalities, and local populations. The conversation will include: identifying candidate buildings for adaptive reuse, working within existing building and city codes, challenges the Secretary of the Interior's Standards create for adaptive reuse, use of public-private partnerships to leverage funding opportunities, and applicability of state and federal tax incentives.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 3, 2:00 – 2:50 pm, Old City Hall Theater

Preserving our Communities: Working at the State Level to Achieve Preservation Goals (Double Session) (Linoff)

Decision-makers are often seen as the biggest obstacle toward developing good preservation policy. In a lively, moderated discussion, a distinguished panel of State Legislators will address the best strategies for achieving successful preservation efforts in communities. This session will help turn adversaries into allies by addressing issues from the "inside" -- with elected officials who have demonstrated a commitment to historic preservation and an ability to make it work within challenging political milieus. Developing policies that support a positive preservation ethic will assure the future of historic assets within communities.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 4, 3:00 – 3:50 pm, Colorado Room

Site Signage: The Effect of Moral and Threat Appeals on Reducing Depreciative Behavior at Rock Art Sites (Podinsky) 

Depreciative behaviors are unintentional actions by visitors that damage the resource or impact the experiences of others. Rock art in particular is highly susceptible to these types of behaviors and the damage may be permanent. As visitation to cultural sites, including rock art locations, increases, the opportunity for depreciative behavior likewise increases. While there is extensive research on moral- and threat-appeal messaging around natural resources, there has been surprisingly little research on these types of approaches around cultural resources. This study designed, installed, and assessed the effectiveness of a moral-appeal message using the Norm Activation Theory of Prosocial Behavior, the current Bureau of Land Management (BLM) threat-appeal message, and a no-message control at reducing depreciative behaviors at rock art sites. This research resulted in a significant decrease in depreciative behavior, specifically touching, when the moral-appeal message was installed. Surprisingly, this study found that the BLM threat-appeal message led to an increase in depreciative behaviors as compared to no-message control suggesting that current land management agencies should reevaluate their indirect management approach to protect remote rock art sites. This study strongly recommends replacing the current signs with moral-appeal messaging and investing in future research to preserve rock art.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 4, 3:00 – 3:50 pm, Castle Dome Room

Farming in Yuma: An Overview of Farming and Practices and Water Efficiencies (Gwynn, Alameda)

Steve Alameda, Grower and owner of Top Flavor Farms with operations in Yuma and Salinas, will give an overview of farming in Yuma, including crop types and farming practices. This presentation will include a description of a produce farmer’s planning and operations from the receipt of plant dates up to including harvest. Steve will review farming practices for improved water efficiencies and increased production, including how to manage the over one ton of salt that exists in every acre foot of Colorado River water.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 4, 3:00 – 3:50 pm, Gila Room

Gold Mountain in the Desert, 2nd session (Strang)


Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 4, 3:00 – 3:50 pm, Anza-Redondo Room

Arizona DAR Focuses on the Buffalo Soldiers (King)

America's 250th anniversary is in the near future and the Arizona chapter of the DAR wants to ensure the story of the Buffalo Soldier is adequately told. For 2022-24, the AZ State DAR women's service organization will focus their attention on promoting the history of the Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Huachuca and Camp Naco. This session will highlight projects that are part of this effort.

Fri. Oct. 21, Breakout Block 4, 3:00 – 3:50 pm, Old City Hall Theater

Preserving Our Communities: Working at the State Level to Achieve Preservation Goals, (2nd session) (Linoff)


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